Curriculum (inc. R.E., Sex Ed. and Welsh)

The Curriculum

We provide our pupils with a curriculum which seeks to educate the ‘whole person’ as well as in academic and practical ways.  We strive to make our curriculum appropriate to pupils’ needs with teaching styles that develop positive attitudes to learning, the understanding of concepts and the acquisition of knowledge and skills.

 Foundation Phase  Nursery – Year 2

The Foundation Phase Framework sets out the curriculum and outcomes for three to seven year olds in Wales in the Foundation Phase. The statutory Areas of Learning in the Foundation Phase are:

• Personal and Social Development, Well-being and Cultural Diversity

• Language, Literacy and Communication Skills (revised from 2015 to embed the literacy component of the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) within Foundation Phase planning, teaching and learning)

• Mathematical Development (revised from 2015 to embed the numeracy component of the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) within Foundation Phase planning, teaching and learning)

• Welsh Language Development

 • Knowledge and Understanding of the World

• Physical Development

• Creative Development.

On entry assessments take place using the Foundation Phase Assessment Profile for Nursery and Reception children after their first half term in each class.

End of Foundation Phase data is currently based upon the 2008 curriculum, although this is the final year of these assessments.  From July 2017 the assessments will move to using the Foundation Phase Assessment Profile which will streamline assessments and provide a clearer tracking tool.


The Foundation Phase encompasses the developmental needs of children.  They learn through first-hand experiential activities where they play with ideas, experiment, take risks, solve problems and make decisions individually, and in groups.  The FP curriculum is planned as a progressive framework that spans four years to meet the diverse needs of all children, including those who are at an earlier stage of development and those who are more able.  This way children move onto the next stage of their learning when they are developmentally ready and at their own pace rather than focus solely on age-related outcomes.

 Key Stage 2  - Years 3-6

The following subjects are taught : English, Mathematics, Science, Welsh (as a second language),  Digital Competence (ICT), History, Geography, Religious Education, Personal and Social Education (PSE), Art, Design Technology(DT), Music, Physical Education.

Pupils are given levels in English, Maths, Science and Welsh at the end of year 6.


The essential skills of literacy, numeracy and digital competence will be the central focus across the curriculum.  The curriculum is mainly taught in discreet subjects but with as much integration as possible to reflect the new 2008 curriculum.  Children will be encouraged to develop self-confidence, independence in learning and higher order skills in a range of situations.  In these years we hope to be developing well-rounded pupils ready for the demands of high school.

 Teaching Methods and Use of the Welsh Language

 Teaching Methods

At each stage the children are taught through a variety of methods to give all the opportunity of working through their preferred learning style.  Children may be working individually, in pairs or small groups.  Sometimes the groups are made up of children of similar ability and at other times, of different ages and abilities. 

 Use of the Welsh Language

Ysgol Licswm is an English medium school where Welsh is taught as a second language.  Foundation Phase and Key Stage 2  have timetabled lessons each week with regular daily use of incidental language. 

The culture of Wales is constantly brought to the fore but is particularly celebrated each year for St David’s day with our school eisteddfod.  We like to follow the Welsh rugby team in the Six Nations. Each summer we take Year 6 to Cardiff and include a visit to the Senedd.  There is also a Welsh dimension to many of our curriculum areas e.g. the study of Welsh artists, the geographical issues that face Wales such as National Parks and wind farms, the events or lives of the people of Wales during different periods of History.